What are correctable vision problems?

August 27, 2018 Posted by Dr. Shah

Everyone wants perfect vision, don’t they? Wouldn’t it be great to just be able to see anything that you wanted without glasses or contact lenses? That would be awesome! Unlikely however since laser vision like Superman has only happens in the comic books. Not many people can see perfectly and just about all of us have at least one vision problem or another.

Our eyes are extremely complicated and even the smallest Distortion in the lens retina cornea or Iris May dramatically alter our vision. Thank goodness however through a comprehensive eye exam aided by a pair of prescribed corrective lenses and contact lenses. Here are a few vision related problems commonly corrected by our team of Orange County eye specialists:

Commonly Corrected with Prescription Contacts or Glasses

  • Presbyopia: A commonly experienced vision disorder, attributed to aging. Some people refer to presbyopia as the aging eye condition. This eye disorder interferes with the ability to focus closely on objects and is related to refraction in the eye.
  • Myopia: Also referred to as nearsightedness, myopia is another type of refractive vision error. Though objects up close may still appear clearly, myopia causes objects in the distance to appear blurry.
  • Astigmatism: Astigmatism is experienced by many patients. This type of refractive error interferes with the eye’s ability to disperse light onto the retina evenly, interfering with the light-sensitive tissue located toward the back of the eye.
  • Hyperopia: Most commonly referred to as farsightedness, hyperopia causes objects far away to be seen more clearly than that of those up close. This condition is unique, some patients may experience blurry vision at both close and far distances. Hyperopia is experienced differently by everyone and a proper diagnosis by a qualified eye doctor can lead to clearer vision.

Vision Problems That Need Additional Correction Stronger Than Prescription Lenses

  • Amblyopia: In circumstances where the eye and brain aren’t working in proper conjunction with each other, amblyopia occurs. This disorder doesn’t impact the visual aspects of the eye, but disrupts functional aspects. Amblyopia is also known as lazy eye.
  • Strabismus: Typically referred to as crossed eyes, strabismus causes the eyes to look different ways when focusing on an object. This condition can occur all the time, or temporarily and may lead to amblyopia (loss of depth perception) if experienced during childhood. If you begin experiencing stabrismus during adulthood, you could develop double vision.
  • Color Deficiency: Most people experience color in the same way, however a select percentage of the population are affected by a color vision deficiency. This means that their perception of colors varies from what other people see.
  • Nyctalopia: Commonly called night-blindness, nyctalopia interferes with the ability to see clearly in situations with low light. Its attributed to different eye diseases Night blindness may exist from birth, or be caused by injury or malnutrition (for example, vitamin A deficiency). It can be described as insufficient adaptation to darkness.
  • Photophobia: Photophobia is a symptom of abnormal intolerance to visual perception of light. An experience of discomfort or pain to the eyes due to light exposure or by presence of actual physical sensitivity of the eyes.