Having regular, comprehensive dilated eye exams can help prevent vision loss. Early detection and timely treatment of eye diseases can help save your sight. In many cases, a comprehensive dilated eye exam is the only way to detect eye diseases that can cause blindness. When was the last time you had an eye exam?
What is a comprehensive dilated eye exam?
A comprehensive dilated eye exam includes:
An eye care professional places drops in your eyes to dilate, or widen, the pupils. The eye care professional then uses a special magnifying lens to examine your retina and look for signs of damage or other problems, like diabetic retinopathy or age-related macular degeneration. A dilated eye exam also lets the eye care
professional see whether there is damage to the optic nerve, which happens to people who have glaucoma. After the exam, your close-up vision may be blurry for several hours.
Tonometry is a test that helps detect glaucoma by measuring pressure within the eye. Your eye care professional may direct a small puff of air onto your eye or may gently place a pressure sensitive tip near or against your eye. He or she may also insert numbing drops in your eye to perform this test. Having elevated
eye pressure may be a sign of glaucoma.
Visual Field Test:
A visual field test measures your side, or peripheral, vision. This test helps your eye care professional determine whether you have lost side vision, a sign of problems affecting the optic nerve such as glaucoma.
Visual Acuity Test:
A visual acuity test is an eye chart that measures how well you see at different distances.
Eye Health Tip:
Know your family’s eye health history!
We get our eye color from our parents, but did you know that many eye diseases can run in families, too? Talking to your family members about their eye health can help you find out if you are at higher risk for eye disease. If you learn that eye diseases run in your family, talk to your eye doctor.