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Archive for the ‘Eyelid Disorders’ Category

8 Mistakes That Can Ruin Your Eyes

Wednesday, August 27th, 2014

Your eyes are very important in many aspects, and losing your vision can be very difficult to adjust too. So how come when people focus on increasing their health, they neglect their eyes! Taking care of your eyes is a necessity, and even small simple changes can help maintain your vision, while small mistakes can ruin it. Keep reading for 8 things that can ruin your eyes.


1. Not Wearing Sunglasses: If you go out somewhere and realize that you’ve forgotten your sunglasses or lost them it’s very important that you go back and get them, or contact your eye doctor to purchase a new pair. Please do not pick up a cheap pair at a drugstore because most lack the proper UV technology to keep your eyes protected and are optically inferior to those provided by your eye doctor. Being outside on a sunny day, especially on a beach, without sunglasses can have devastating effects. Even if you aren’t staring directly at the sun, the rays bounce off of other things such as sand or water and can cause photokeratitis, also known as sun blindness. This is sunburn to your eyes which can result in pain, and temporary vision loss. Also, not protecting your eyes from UVA and UVB rays can increase your risk of cataracts, ultimately leading to vision loss.

sunglasses - photo











2.Rubbing Your Eyes: When you eyes become irritated, there is a most likely a reason. Rubbing your eyes will only make things worse and increase your chance of infection. Your eyes are designed to heal themselves and get rid of any foreign objects. Try blinking to wash away debris, and if that doesn’t work try eye drops to flush your eyes. If they still feel irritated then contact your eye doctor for professional advice.

photo man rubbing eyes








3. Partaking in Sports Without Protective Eyewear: Athletic activities can be a ton of fun, but devastating without the proper protection. Many sports have high numbers of eye related injuries, all of which could be prevented with the proper eyewear. While your facial bones help to protect your eyes, small objects such as a tennis ball can hit you directly in the eye.

field hockey - photo







4. DIY Projects Without Goggles: Everyone loves the thrill of completing a DIY home improvement project, but without the proper eyewear these tasks can result in E.R visits. When hammering or cutting up things you are at high risk for debris penetrating your eyes. Always keep a pair of safety goggles at home for these projects.

safety goggles - photo







5. Exposing Your Contacts to Water:
Whether you are swimming, showering or just relaxing in a hot tub, always avoiding wearing your contacts. Water is home to many types of parasites which could lead to infection and possibly vision loss. Also, never clean your contacts with water.
contact lens










6. Wearing Your Contacts too Long: While it may seem tempting to wear your contacts longer than recommended, this could lead to devastating effects. Contacts don’t allow for the proper amount of oxygen to pass through, and after awhile they begin to form a film around them which will completely block the flow of oxygen to your corneas, breaking them down and allowing your eyes to become more susceptible to germs and infections. Always follow the directions on your contacts.


contact lens solution - photo









7.  Not Replacing Your Makeup: Eyelashes are home to many germs, causing the spread of them with each swipe of mascara. When you return the brush back into the tube, you are just spreading bacteria and contaminating your makeup. This goes for any type of makeup. Your eyes are very susceptible to infection therefore it’s important to replace your makeup every 3 months to prevent infection.

Woman Eye, Mascara - pic








8. Not Visiting Your Eye Doctor: Whenever you notice any changes to your eyes it’s important to contact your eye doctor right away! Many things can go wrong with your eyes, and vision loss can happen quickly and sometimes be irreversible. Contact your doctor immediately.
Eye Doctor - photo

Bad Eyesight? Here Are Symptoms You Should Never Ignore.

Wednesday, July 16th, 2014

While many eye related problems start to appear with age, there are many symptoms that point to a more serious problem and should never be ignored. If you experience any of these you should immediately contact your optometrist or ophthalmologist.


1. Tunnel Vision:  Tunnel vision is the common term used to describe the loss of peripheral vision- vision that is outside of the centre of ones gaze. This is usually a sign of glaucoma and should be immediately treated. Glaucoma is caused by pressure due to the build of fluid in the eye, causing damage to the optic nerve. Loss of vision typically starts as an arc above or below the centre of your vision while looking straight ahead. If left untreated the blank area expands. Although damage cannot be repaired, eye drops as well as beta-blockers help to prevent further loss of sight.

Tunnel Vision, example - pic






2. Eyelid Bumps: Swelling, lumps or  waxy red lesions are often symptoms of a common skin cancer known as basal cell carcinoma. This typically occurs on the lower and inner corners of your eyelids. Basal cell carcinoma is caused by overexposure to UV radiation caused by the sunlight, therefore it is important to wear sunglasses. There are many treatments available, so contact your eye doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.

Eyelid Bumps - photo









3. Seeing Halos: Seeing halos or rainbows around light is a sign that your eye is not filtering light correctly, causing it to scatter on the cornea or lens. This is often caused by cataracts, a clouding on the lens. Cataracts eventually require surgery and  if left untreated, can lead to blindness. Contact your optician immediately.

halos around light - photo








4. Wavy Lines: If you are experiencing distorted central vision, such as seeing wavy lines instead of straight lines, you should see your optician. Distorted vision can indicate macular degeneration, a common disease in people over 60. This condition is caused by damaged blood vessels. Macular Degeneration can cause vision loss very quickly, see an expert immediately.

distorted central vision - photo










5. Flashes of Light: Flashes of light in the corner of the eye indicate the possibility of vitreous detachment. Vitreous refers to the gel-like fluid the fills the eye, connecting to the retina and optic nerve. As people age the vitreous becomes more watery and flexible as it begins to pull away from the retina, causing a disruption to vision. While this is normal, it’s important to call your doctor if you experience a continued pulling sensation. This could be caused by the retina becoming detached, which may lead to vision loss if left untreated.

eyeball - pic








6. Light Sensitivity: While squinting in the sun is normal, persistent pain in the eye while looking at light should assessed by your optometrist. This could be a sign of an infection such as conjunctivitis which usually clears up on its own. Light sensitivity could also be a sign of oculomotor damage, which also heals on its own in about 6 weeks.

light sensitivity








7. Struggling to See at Night: The inability to see well in dim lighting is often a sign of retinitis pigmentosa. Retinitis pigmentosa is an inherited disorder which causes the photoreceptors, cells that detect light, to die off. Sight loss progresses slowly over many years. There is currently no treatment.

Retinal pigmentation - image


Eyelid disorders, their causes, symptoms and treatments.

Wednesday, May 29th, 2013

Eyelid disorders - imageAny condition that affects the eyelid is called eyelid disorder. The most common eyelid disorders, their causes, symptoms and treatments are the following:

  • Hordeolum (stye) is an infection of the sebaceous glands of Zeis usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. It is characterized by an acute onset of symptoms and it looks like a red bump placed underneath the eyelid. The main symptoms of styes include pain, redness of the eyelid and sometimes swollen eyelids. Styes usually disappear within a week without treatment. Otherwise, antibiotics may be prescribed and home remedies such as warm water compresses may be used to promote faster healing. Styes are normally harmless and do not cause long lasting damage.


  • Chalazion is caused by the obstruction of the oil glands and can occur in both upper and lower eyelids. Chalazia may be mistaken as styes due to the similar symptoms. This condition is however less painful and it tends to be chronic. Chalazia heals within few months if treatment is administered and otherwise it can resorb within two years. Chalazia that do not respond to topical medication is usually treated with surgery as a last resort.


  • Blepharitis is a common condition that causes inflammation of the eyelids and which is quite difficult to manage because it tends to recur. This condition is mainly caused by staphylococcus infection and scalp dandruff. Blepharitis symptoms include burning sensation, the feeling that there is something in the eye, excessive tearing, blurred vision, redness of the eye, light sensitivity, red and swollen eyelids, dry eye and sometimes crusting of the eyelashes on awakening. Treatment normally consists in maintaining a good hygiene of the eye and holding warm compresses on the affected eyelid to remove the crusts. Gently scrubbing the eyelid with the warm compress is recommended as it eases the healing process. In more serious cases, antibiotics may be prescribed.


  • Entropion usually results from aging, but sometimes can be due to a congenital defect, a spastic eyelid muscle, or a scar on the inside of the lid that could be from surgery, injury, or disease. It is an asymptomatic condition that can rarely lead to trichiasis which requires surgery. It mostly affects the lower lid and it is characterized by the turning inward of the lid, toward globe.


  • Ectropion is another aging-related eyelid condition that causes chronic eye irritation and scarring. It may also be the result of allergies and its main symptoms are excessive tearing and hardening of the eyelid conjunctiva.


  • Eyelid edema is a condition in which the eyelids are swollen and contain excessive fluid. It may be serious when it increases the intraocular pressure. eyelid edema is caused by an allergic reaction that one has to food, drugs, plan allergens, trichinosis or infections. The main symptoms are swollen red eyelids, pain, and itching. Treatment may vary depending on what is causing the condition. Whereas infections are fought against with antibiotics, allergic edemas treatments consists in staying away from the allergen. Chronic bouts of eyelid edema can lead toblepharochalasis.


  • Eyelid tumors may also occur. Basal cell carcinomas are the most frequently encountered kind of cancer affecting the eyelid, making up 85% to 95% of all malignant eyelid tumors. The tumors may be benign or malignant. Usually benign tumors are localized and removed before becoming a cancerous threat and before they become large enough to impair one’s vision. Malignant tumors on the other hand tend to spread to surrounding areas and tissues.


  • Blepharospasm (eyelid twitching) is an involuntary spasm of the eyelid muscle. The most common factors that make the muscle in the eyelid twitch are fatigue, stress, and caffeine. eyelid twitching is not considered a harmful condition and therefore there is no treatment available. Patients are however advised to get more sleep and drink less caffeine.


  • Eyelid dermatitis is the inflammation of the eyelid skin. It is mostly a result of allergies or it is triggered by contact dermatitis of the eyelid. Symptoms that one may experience are dry and flaky skin on the eyelids and swollen eyelids. The affected eyelid may itch. Treatment consists in proper eye hygiene and avoiding the allergens that trigger the condition. In rare cases, topical creams may be used but only under a doctor’s supervision.


  • Ptosis (drooping eyelid) is when the upper eyelid droops or sags due to weakness or paralysis of the levator muscle (responsible for raising the eyelid), or due to damage to nerves controlling the muscle. It can be a manifestation of the normal aging process, a congenital condition or due to an injury or disease. Risk factors related to Ptosis include diabetes, stroke, Horner syndrome, myasthenia gravis, brain tumor or other cancers that can affect nerve or muscle function.


  • Ablepharia (ablepharon) Congenital absence of or reduction in the size of the eyelids.